People in Iraq’s autonomous region of Kurdistan are voting in an independence referendum, amid rising tensions and international opposition.
Polls opened at 05:00 GMT with balloting also taking place in the disputed areas between the northern city of Erbil and the capital Baghdad, as well as the oil-rich province of Kirkuk, which is ethnically mixed.
The central government in Baghdad, which strongly opposes the referendum, sought control of the region’s international border posts and international airports on Sunday, in anticipation of Monday’s vote.
Iraq’s government has also called on foreign countries to stop importing oil from the Kurdish region and to deal with them instead.
In a televised address on Sunday, Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi warned of the dire consequences of the vote and vowed to never accept the disintegration of Iraq.
“This is an unconstitutional decision against the social fabric of our citizens. We will not recognise the referendum, nor its results,” Abadi said.
“We will take follow-up steps to protect the unity of the country and the interests of every citizen living in a unified Iraq.”
Meanwhile, the President of Iraq’s Kurdish regional government, Masoud Barzani, has defended the decision to hold the referendum.
Final preparations for Iraqi Kurds’ independence referendum
“Is it a crime to ask people in Kurdistan to express in a democratic way what they want to have for the future?” he asked in a speech on Sunday.
The Kurdish leader also said he would seek talks with Iraq’s central government on how to implement the outcome of the vote.
“If we have a constructive dialogue, then we can give it even more time, in order to secure better relations between the Kurds and Baghdad,” he said.
About 2,065 polling stations are open for 10 hours. A total of 5.6 million people are eligible to vote in Kurdistan and other Kurdish-controlled areas in northern Iraq, according to the election commission.
Voters will be asked: “Do you want the Kurdistan region and Kurdish areas outside the region to become an independent state?”
Official results are expected by Tuesday.
Al Jazeera’s Hoda Abdel-Hamid, reporting from the Kurdish capital of Erbil, said despite the “tug of war” between the politicians, there is “an upbeat atmosphere”.
“The Kurds say that this is their time to express their opinion and to take their future into their own hands,” she said.
Opposition to vote
The Kurds are likely to approve the referendum, but the non-binding vote is not expected to result in any formal declaration of independence.
The referendum has raised alarm in Iraq’s neighbours – Turkey, Iran and Syria – over concerns it could encourage their own Kurdish minorities to break away.
Iran halted flights to airports in Iraqi Kurdistan at the request of the central government in Baghdad on Sunday, the semi-official Fars news agency reported.
Turkey has warned it may impose sanctions on Kurdistan over the plebiscite.
The United States and the United Nations have also condemned the referendum.
The UN has warned of the vote’s “potentially destabilising effect,” while the US has said it could fuel regional unrest and distract attention from ongoing campaigns to rout Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies